The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Accusative with Infinitive (continued).


  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Rules for translating into Latin.

  1. When the Infinitive of the Accusative-and-Infinitive clause partly consists of a Participle, the latter agrees with the Accusative in Number, Gender, and Case:
  • (scio) me amaturum esse, I shall love;
  • (scio) nos amaturos esse, We shall love;
  • (scio) eam amaturam esse, She will love.
  • (scio) me amatum esse, I have been love;
  • (scio) nos amatos esse, We have been love;
  • (scio) eam amatam esse, She has been love.

2. The Noun or Adjective that follows the Verb To be must be put in the Accusative Case when the clause to which either belongs is rendered in Latin by the Accusative and Infinitive — .

  1. It is certain that you are my friend, Certum est te amicum meum esse.
  2. I know that you are faithful, scio te fidelem esse.

Obs. — In an Accusative-and-Infinitive clause there is often a second Noun in the Accusative Case governed by the Infinitive ; as, Scimus Romanos Gallos vicisse, We know that the Romans conquered the Gauls.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn these example by heart.

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Exercise D: read and translate into Latin.

  1. He says that:
  • I love; we love; you loved; they loved.
  • I shall love; we shall love; you will love; they will love.
  • The boy will love; the girl will love; the boys will love; the girls will love.
  • I am just; she is just; he is just; they are just.
  1. We know that:
  • she is loved; she has been loved; she will be loved;
  • he is loved; he has been loved; he will be loved;
  • they are loved; they have been loved; they will be loved.

N.B. — The Pronoun must always be expressed when it occurs in an Accusative-and-Infinitive clause.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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