The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Demonstrative Pronouns.

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[This Exercise may be deferred until those in the Active Voice are done.]


  • Section A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Section B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Sections C and D contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

Obs. — Hic is this near me; Iste is that near you, or that of yours; Ille is that yonder. Is refers to something previously mentioned. They may all be translated by he, she, it, etc., when used without a noun.

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  1. Learn once more the verbs at the head of all the previous Exercises, the way to decline duo and tres, and the Demonstrative Pronouns.
  2. Decline iste throughout.
  3. Decline together hic nauta; ista filia; illud animal; is gladius; ea hasta; id oppidum.

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Exercise B

1. Put the proper form of hic before the following Nouns

  • gradus; graduum; navis (GEN); flumen.
  • gradui; gradibus; navi; flumina.
  • gradu; gradus (ACC); navium; flumine.
  • gradum; gradus (GEN); navibus; fluminum.

2. Put the proper form of ille before the same Nouns

3. Proceed similarly with is

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Domimis equum huic servo dat et illi canem.
  2. Discipuli huius magistri meliores sunt quam illis.
  3. Miles hunc hominera defendit et ilium occidit.
  4. Iste canis me terret.
  5. Fabius mihi amicus est; pater meus eum amat.
  6. Amicus meus non est validus; iter ei noxium erit.
  7. Horum puerorum pater est dives, illorum pauper.
  8. Magister diligenter discipulos amat; praemia iis dat.
  9. Isti servi sunt fidelissimi.
  10. Nomen illius ducis clarius erat quam huius regis.
  11. Hoc metallum gravius est quam illud.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. This flower is more beautiful than that
  2. This tree is more lofty than that.
  3. That companion (of yours) is a bad boy.
  4. The queen has two daughters; she loves them very much.
  5. The king has two sons; he praises them very highly.
  6. These pears are sweeter than those plums.
  7. The names of those brave men will ever be famous.
  8. The fruit of these trees is sweeter than (the fruit) of those.
  9. Those scholars (of yours) are very diligent.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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