The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Fifth Declension.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 17. Fifth Declension.

  • spes, -ei, f., hope.
  • acies, -ei, f., edge, line of battle.
  • facies, -ei, f., the face, the form.
  • res, -ei, f.., a thing.
  • dies, -ei, m./f.., a day.
  • fides, -ei, f., faith, fidelity.
  • planities, -ei, f., a plain.
  • pernicies, -ei, f., destruction.
  • luna, -ae, f., the moon.
  • sol, -is, m.., the sun.
  • nox, noctis, f., a nigth.
  • noxius, -a, -um, adj., hurtful.

Rule of Syntax 10. Placement of Genitive

Place the Genitive between the governing Noun and its Adjective; as, longa militis hasta, the soldier's long spear.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabularies 15.-17., and how to decline dies, -ei.
  2. Write out and learn the endings of dies.
  3. Parse rerum, diebus, aciem, fidei, acie, rem.
  4. Translate, according to Rule 10, the king's splendid crown; the queen's black horse; the daughter's long letter.

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Exercise B

1. Give orally the English, with Number and Case, of:

  • spem; planitie; fidem; dies (plum.).
  • spei (DAT); perniciem; fide; dierum.
  • facie; aciei (GEN); rerum; ape.
  • facies (sing.); acies (sing.); rebus (DAT); faciem.

2. Read off the Latin for:

  • in the plain; a beautiful face (ACC); with Ions bows.
  • in the oak; by the senses; fruit of the oak.
  • in the head; by seeing and hearing; horns of an army.
  • in the house; of lofty trees; waves of the sea.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Magnam victoriae spem habet.
  2. Sol est diei rex.
  3. Dux hostes in planitie videt.
  4. Exercitus perniciem timet.
  5. Magna victoriae spe pugnant.
  6. Peditatus in acie est.
  7. Vultus militum hostes terret.
  8. Magnam regis domum videt.
  9. Dominus servi fidem laudat.
  10. Hostium perniciem vident.
  11. Bellum regno noxium est.
  12. Filius regis est regni spes.
  13. Magnus est rerum numerus.
  14. Senatus ducis fidem laudat.
  15. Luna est noctis regina.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. The sun is bright.
  2. The face of the moon is beautiful
  3. The general has great hope of victory.
  4. The enemy fight with the hope of victory.
  5. The soldiers fear the look of the enemy.
  6. The king sees the great destruction of (his) army.
  7. The lords praise the fidelity of (their) slaves.
  8. Pears are the fruit of the pear-tree.
  9. A bull has two horns in (his) head.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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