The Beginner's Latin Exercises. First And Second Declensions.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 5. First And Second Declensions.

  • hasta, -ae, f., a spear.
  • gladius, -i, m., a sword.
  • culter, -i, m., a knife.
  • taurus, -i, m, a bull.
  • epistdla, -ae, f., a letter.
  • insula, -ae, f., an island.
  • diligentia, -ae, f., diligence.
  • vinum, -i, n., wine.
  • Italia, -ae, f., Italy.

Verbal forms:

The Present Tense in English has two forms, for which there is only one in Latin: thus,

  • occidit, (he) kills, is killing; scribit, (he) writes, is writing.
  • occidunt, (they) kill, are killing; scribunt, (they) write, are writing.

Syntax Rule 5. Ablative of Instruments.

The Instrument, or means by which something is done, is put in the Ablative Case; as, Videt oculis, He sees with his eyes.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabulary 3-5, the verbal forms, the Syntax Rule 5., review declension 1. and 2.
  2. Parse librum, metallorum, discipulo, rosas, auri.
  3. Write the Ablative (Sing. and Plur.) of scutum, film, ager, murus.
  4. Give the Vocative of Deus, dominus, filius, Fabius, Brutus.

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Exercise B

1. Give orally the English, with the Gender, Case and Number, of:

  • rosam; servum.
  • aquilas; naso (ABL).
  • portis (DAT); oculos.
  • spinarum; libri (GEN).
  • amicorum; aprorum.

2. Change Number.

  • Say the plural of: corona, filia, domine, fili, doni, filii, magistrum.
  • Say the singular of: apri, libris, templa, equorum, servos, coronis (DAT).

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Brutus aprum hasta occidit.
  2. Domini servos gladiis occidunt.
  3. Fabius taurum cultro occidit.
  4. Magister penna epistolam scribit.
  5. Magister pennas discipulis dat.
  6. Discipulo pennis scribunt.
  7. Pueri et puellae epistolas scribunt.
  8. Discipuli librum filio magistri dant.
  9. Roma est Italiae gloria et corona.
  10. Brute, servus dominum occidit.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. The slaves are killing the wild-boar.
  2. The master gives wine to (his) friends.
  3. Fabius is kiiling the bull with a knife.
  4. The roses of the garden have thorns.
  5. The boy is writing a letter with the master's pen.
  6. The girl is writing with a friend's pen.
  7. The master is praising the diligence of (his) scholars.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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