The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Adjectives of 1st Class, Three Terminations, -er, -a, -um.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 7. First Class Adjectives, -er, -a, -um.

  • tener, -a, -um, tender.
  • miser, -a, -um, wretched.
  • pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum, beautiful.
  • niger, nigra, nigrum, black.
  • ruber, rubra, rubrum, red.
  • sacer, sacra, sacrum, sacred.
  • aeger, agra, agrum, sick, ill.
  • columba, -ae, f., a dove.
  • ala, -ae, f., a wing.
  • numerus, -i, m., number.
  • verus, -a, -um, true.

Observation: The Adjective is very often placed after its Substantive.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabulary 5-7, how to decline tener and niger.
  2. Decline sacer and miser fully.
  3. Decline together filia pulchra; niger servus; sacrum donum.
  4. Parse teneras filia; nigrum equum; puerorum aegrorum.

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Exercise B

1. Put the proper form of niger before the following nouns, and read thus: niger equus, a black horse:

  • equus; sends (DAT); puerum.
  • tauri (NOM); nasi (GEN); feminae (DAT).
  • metalla; oculos; portarum.
  • scutorum; spinam; vini.
  • apros; pennarum; puellas.

2. Read off the English, naming the Number and Case, of:

  • rubri oculi (NOM); pennarum albarum.
  • flavi auri; nigrum taurum.
  • coronam pulchram; rubras rosas.
  • sacra templa; donorum sacrornm.
  • miseri pueri (GEN); pulchram reginam.
  • aegras puellas; oculos teneros.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Femina aegram filiam amat.
  2. Regina coronam pulchram habet.
  3. Servi acutos cultros habent.
  4. Aurum et argentum metalla splendida sunt.
  5. Oculi puellarum sunt nigri et pulchri.
  6. Oculi pulchrae puellae sunt magni.
  7. Filia reginae aegra et misera est.
  8. Puella rosas rubras et pulchras habet.
  9. Columbae meae alas albas habent.
  10. Servus taurum nigrum acuto gladio occidit.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. The scholar has many good books.
  2. Red roses are beautiful.
  3. The gold of the temple is sacred.
  4. My dove has white feathers.
  5. The master loves (his) sick scholar.
  6. The gifts of the temple are sacred.
  7. Doves are beautiful and tender.
  8. The number of islands is great.
  9. A true friend is the gift of God.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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