The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Adjectives of 1st Class, Three Terminations, -us, -a, -um.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 6. First Class Adjectives, -us, -a, -um.

  • altus, -a, -um, high.
  • magnus, -a, -um, great.
  • parvus, -a, -um, little, small.
  • longus, -a, -um, long.
  • latus, -a, -um, wide, broad.
  • malus, -a, -um, bad, wicked.
  • carus, -a, -um, dear.
  • acutus, -a, -um, sharp.
  • albus, -a, -um, white.
  • flavus, -a, -um, yellow.
  • multus, -a, -um, many.
  • splendidus, -a, -um, splendid, bright.
  • meus, -a, -um, my.

Syntax Rule 6. Agreement of Adjectives.

Adjectives agree with their Substantive in Gender, Number and Case.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabulary 4-6, the Syntax Rule 6., how to decline bonus, -a, -um.
  2. Decline magnus, -a, -um fully.
  3. Decline together parva filia; malus filius; latum scutum.
  4. Parse logas mensas; album equum; magnorum oppidorum.

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Exercise B

1. Put the proper form of bonus before the following nouns, and read thus: bona regina, a good queen:

  • regina; librorum; portam.
  • servis (DAT); templa; poetam.
  • muri (GEN); donum; cultros.
  • mensam; scuto (ABL); ferri.
  • aquilas; coronae (DAT); metallorum.

2. Read off the English, naming the Number and Case, of:

  • alti muri (NOM); alborum equorum.
  • magnis equis (DAT); splendidi argenti.
  • acutos gladios; care fili.
  • flavi auri; multos discipulos.
  • bone puer; cararum puellarum.
  • longarum hastarum; splendida metalla.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Anrum est flavum metallum.
  2. Argentum est album metallum.
  3. Oculi puellarum parvi et pulchri sunt.
  4. Dominus multos servos habet.
  5. Filia mea est bona puella.
  6. Filii mei sunt mali pueri.
  7. Hortus amici mei longus et latus est.
  8. Amicus meus album equum habet
  9. Muri oppidi sunt lati et alti.
  10. Femina longam mensam habet.
  11. Puella albam rosam habet.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. The queen's crown is splendid.
  2. The gates of the garden are high.
  3. The temples of Rome are splendid.
  4. The sword is long and sharp.
  5. The shields are large and broad.
  6. Rome has many temples.
  7. My friend has white roses.
  8. My gardens have high walls.
  9. The master's pen is sharp.
  10. The yellow rose has sharp thorns.
  11. The poet loves (his) dear daughters.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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