The Beginner's Latin Exercises. First Conjugation - Active Voice. Indicative Mood, Perfect Stem Tenses.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 31. First Conjugation.

  • celo, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to conceal.
  • fugo, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to flight, rout.
  • intro, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to enter.
  • libera, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to set free.
  • nato, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to swim.
  • opto, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to wish, wish for.
  • orno, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to deck, adorn.
  • ostento, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to show, show off.
  • spero, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to hope, hope for.
  • volo, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to fly.
  • piscis, -is, m., a fish.
  • aer, -is, m., air.
  • pluvia, -ae, f., rain.
  • silva, -ae, f., a wood.
  • cum (quum), conj., when.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabularies 30. and 31., and the Indicative of amo.
  2. Write out and learn the endings of amo in the Perfect-Stem Tenses.
  3. Conjugate paro and pugno in these Tenses.
  4. Parse araveram, araveris, araveritis, araveris.

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Exercise B

1. Read off the English, naming Mood and Tense, supply Pronouns of:

  • amavisti; amavimus; amavero; amaverunt.
  • amaverat; amaveras; amavistis; amaveratis.
  • amaverimus; amaveritis; amaveris; amaverint.

2. Change Number.

  • Say the plural of: amavisti, amaveram, amaveris, amavi, amavero, amavit.
  • Say off the singular of: amaveratis, amaverimus, amavistis, amavimus, amaverunt.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Puellae capita ornaverunt.
  2. Equitatus nqster hostes fugavit.
  3. Aurum in terra celaverat.
  4. Domini servos liberaverint.
  5. Amicos tuos amavisti.
  6. Pisces in aqua natant.
  7. Elephantus ingens onus portaverat.
  8. Pavo pennas ostentabat.
  9. Aves in aere volant.
  10. Leones die se celant.
  11. Rex pacem optaverat.
  12. Cum (quum) Romani agros vastaverant, urbem intraverunt.
  13. Quin agricolae agros araverint, phiviam optabunt.
  14. Pacem sperabimus quum noster exercitus hostes fugaverit.
  15. Romani se et equos suos in silvis celaverant.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. I swam in the river yesterday.
  2. Lions conceal themselves in the woods by night.
  3. The farmers wished-for rain.
  4. We had entered the city.
  5. The birds had been singing.
  6. The soldiers fought bravely.
  7. We had hoped for peace.
  8. We will show you the way.
  9. You did not show me the way.
  10. The enemy laid waste the fields.
  11. When the farmers had ploughed the fields, they wished for rain.
  12. The timid citizens have concealed (their) gold and silver in the ground.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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