The Beginner's Latin Exercises. First Conjugation - Passive Voice. Conjunctive Mood.


  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 53. First Conjugation.

  • armo, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to arm.
  • civitas, -atis, f., the state.
  • dictator, -oris, m., dictator.
  • acriter, adv., sharply, vigorously.
  • strenue, adv., busily, actively.
  • tam, conj., so.
  • fere, adv., almost.
  • Iterum, adv., a second time.

Syntax Rule 21. Usage of ne.

Ne, meaning lest, or that not, is followed by the Subjunctive.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabularies 52. and 53., the Syntax Rule 21. and revise Vocabularies 32. and 33. and the Conjunctive of amor.
  2. Conjugate laudo in the Conjunctive Passive.
  3. Write out the 3rd Person, Singular and Plural, of all the tenses of the Conjunctive Passive of: orno, do, porto, and domo.

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Exercise B

1. Read off the English, naming Mood and Tense, of:

  • amer; amatus sis; amemini; ameris.
  • amareris; amati essemus; amaremur; amarentur.
  • amatus sit; amaremini; amati sitis; amati essetis.

2. Turn these Verbs into the Active form, giving the meaning in English.

3. Say off the following Verbs in the Passive form —

  • ames; amaveris; amarem; amaverimus; amares.
  • amet; amavisset; amarent; amavissetis; amaremus.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Fortiter pugnate, servi, ut post proelium liberemini.
  2. Multi alios laudant ut ab aliis laudentur.
  3. Cave, amice, ne sagittis barbarorum vulnereris.
  4. Vigilate, nautae, ut navis servetur.
  5. Omnes cives armati sunt ne urbs oppugnaretur.
  6. Agricolae strenue laborant ut agri ante hiemem arentur.
  7. Cincinnatus dictator creatus est ut civitas servaretur.
  8. Barbari tam acriter pugnabant ut castra nostra fere expugnata sint.
  9. Marius tam felix in bello fuit ut iterum consul creatus sit.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. The boy praised his friend that by his friend he might be praised.
  2. The soldiers kept-watch lest the camp should be attacked.
  3. Citizens, get-ready your arms lest the city be attacked.
  4. Our (men) fought so vigorously that the enemy's camp was-carried -by-assault.
  5. Let the victims be decked with flowers.
  6. Numa was so renowned that he was created king.
  7. Let the fleet be-got-ready immediately.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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