The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Fourth Conjugation Active, All Moods. Prepositions.


  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 45. Fourth Conjugation.

  • scio, -is, -ivi, -itum, ire,, to know.
  • nescio, -is, -ivi, -itum, ire,, to be ignorant of.
  • inquit (defective),, says, he said.
  • emo, -is, emi, emptum, emere,, to buy.
  • natura, -ae, f., nature.
  • Victoria, -ae, f., victory.
  • mens, -tis, f., the mind.
  • amor, -oris, m., love.
  • sanitas, -atis, f., health.
  • auris, -is, f., an ear.
  • nullus, -a, -um, adj., none, no.
  • facile, adj., easily.
  • diligenter, adj., carefully, diligently.
  • sed, conj., but.
  • Gallus, -i, m., a Gaul.
  • Gallia, -ae, f.., Gaul.
  • Germanus, -i, m., a German.
  • Rhenus, -i, m., the Rhine.

Note. — The following Prepositions govern the Accusative:

  • contra, against.
  • propter, on account of.
  • post, after.
  • trans, across.
  • ad, to.
  • ante, before.

Obs. In meaning in governs the Ablative; in meaning into governs the Accusative.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabularies 43.-45., and the verb audio.
  2. Write out the Imperative of scio and erudio, and the Verb Infinite of the same.
  3. Write out the 1st Person Singular of all the Tenses formed from the Perfect of vincio, venio, aperio.
  4. Translate: He is in the garden; He comes into the garden.

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Exercise B

1. Read off the English, naming Mood and Tense, of:

  • audi; auditum; audiens; auditurus, audientis.
  • audita; auditote; audiendi; audiendo; audiunto.
  • audire; audivisse; auditu; audite; audiendum.

2. Say off the Gerund (ACC and GEN) of:

  • punio, sepelio, munio, vincio, dormio, aperio, venio.

3. Give orally the Supine and Future Participle of the same Verbs.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Rex poetam rogavit ut filium suum erudiret.
  2. Pater meus scit multas res qnas ego nescio.
  3. "Scito," inquit, "amorem non auro emi sed virtutibus."
  4. Magistri mentes discipulorum diligenter erudiunto.
  5. Galli legatos ad Caesarem de pace miserant.
  6. Germani trans Rhenum in Galliam venerant.
  7. Romani e Gallia trans mare in Britanniam venerunt.
  8. Nullus ducum Romanorum ante Caesarem in Britanniam venit.
  9. Multi leges sanitatis nesciunt et contra naturam vivunt,
  10. Cives propter hostium victoriam urbis portas aperuerunt.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. They asked after the battle (ut) to bury the dead.
  2. We have two ears that we may hear easily.
  3. We read many books that we may know many things.
  4. Our cavalry will check the enemy's infantry,
  5. Hannibal led his forces out of Spain into Italy.
  6. Caesar was ignorant of the manners of the Britons.
  7. The nightingale will come across the sea before summer.
  8. Ambassadors came from Britain to Caesar concerning hostages,

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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