The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Fourth Declension, -us names.

#софия #българия #museum #art #epigrafe #likeforalike #igers

A post shared by GianPaolo Cicéri (@gpciceri) on


  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

Like it? Share on


Vocabulary 15. Fourth Declension, -us names.

  • arcus, -us, m., a bow.
  • lacus, -us, m., a lake.
  • gradus, -us, m., a step.
  • passus, -us, m., a step.
  • fluctus, -us, m., a wave.
  • portus, -us, m., a port, a harbour.
  • vultus, -us, m., the look, the countenance.
  • sonus, -us, m., sound.
  • sonitus, -us, m., sound.
  • senatus, -us, m., senate.
  • exercitus, -us, m., an army.
  • equitatus, -us, m., m. cavalry.
  • peditatus, -us, m., m. infantry.
  • domus, -us, f., a house.
  • manus, -us, f., a hand.
  • severus, -a, -um, adj., severe.

Syntax Rule 9. Rest in a Place: in + ABL.

The Preposition in governs the Ablative when it indicates rest in a place ; as, in horto, in the garden.

Obs. — -us is a masculine ending, but domus, a house, and manus, a hand, are feminine.

Like it? Share on


Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabulary 15., and the way to decline gradus, -us.
  2. Write out and learn the endings of gradus.
  3. Decline fluctus and portus.
  4. Parse senatui, arcuum, exercitum, eguitatu, domibus.

Like it? Share on

Exercise B

1. Give orally the English, with Number and Case, of:

  • gradus (GEN); portum; vultus (GEN).
  • gradu; portubus (DAT); sonitu.
  • manibus (ABL); peditatu; fluctibus (DAT).
  • manuum; peditatui; graduum.

2. Change Number.

  • Say the plural of: arcus, arcum, portu, portui, fluctus, vultu, manus.
  • Say the singular of: lacubus (DAT), graduum, manus (ACE), arcuum, fluctibus.

Like it? Share on

Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Naves in portu sunt.
  2. Nautae portum defendunt.
  3. Gladius est in ducis manu.
  4. Regina albas manus habet.
  5. Vultus judicis severus est.
  6. Sonitus fluctuum gratus est.
  7. Domus hominibus est cara.
  8. Fluctus maris alti sunt
  9. Dux equitatum laudat.
  10. Matris vultus benignus est.
  11. Dux exercitui est carus.
  12. Scuta peditatus parva sunt.
  13. Milites longos arcus habent.
  14. Italia multos portus habet.
  15. Glades equitatus est magna.
  16. Numerus portuum magnus est.

Like it? Share on

Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. The scholar has a book in (his) hand.
  2. Women love (their) homes.
  3. The infantry have bows in (their) hands.
  4. Swords are in the hands of the cavalry.
  5. Many ships are in the harbour.
  6. The general's look is severe.
  7. The walls of the houses are high.
  8. Caesar is dear to the army.
  9. The king's house is high.
  10. The king has cavalry and infantry.
  11. (There) is a lake in the fields.

Like it? Share on


C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

Like it? Share on


Comments powered by Disqus