The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Recapitulatory Exercises for the 1st Conjugation.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 34. Vocabularies (30.-33.).

  • aro, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to plough.
  • canto, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to sing.
  • laudo, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to praise.
  • monstro, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to point out.
  • paro, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to get ready.
  • porto, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to carry.
  • pugno, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to fight.
  • vasto, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to lay waste.
  • agricola, -ae, m., a husbandman, a farmer.
  • terra, -ae, f., earth, land.
  • luscinia, -ae, f., nightingale.
  • agnus, -i, m., a lamb.
  • carmen, -inis, n., a song.
  • celo, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to conceal.
  • fugo, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to flight, rout.
  • intro, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to enter.
  • libera, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to set free.
  • nato, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to swim.
  • opto, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to wish, wish for.
  • orno, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to deck, adorn.
  • ostento, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to show, show off.
  • spero, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to hope, hope for.
  • volo, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to fly.
  • piscis, -is, m., a fish.
  • aer, -is, m., air.
  • pluvia, -ae, f., rain.
  • silva, -ae, f., a wood.
  • cum (quum), conj., when.
  • ambulo, -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to walk.
  • do, das, dedi, datum, dare, v., to give.
  • sto, stas, steti, statum, statum, v., to stand.
  • domo, domas, domui, domitum, domare, v., to tame.
  • laboro, -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to work.
  • oro, -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to entreat, pray.
  • servo (conservo), -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to keep, preserve.
  • vigilo, -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to keep watch.
  • arma, -orum,, arms.
  • castra, -orum,, a camp.
  • consul, -ulis, m., a consul.
  • ut, conj., that.
  • si, conj., if.
  • nisi, conj., unless.
  • mi, adj., vocative of meus.
  • muto, -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to change.
  • narro, -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to relate.
  • judico, -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to judge.
  • vito, -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to avoid.
  • fabula, -ae, f., a story.
  • coelum, -i, n., the sky.
  • liberi, -orum,, children.
  • mores, -um,, manners, character.
  • nemo, neminis, m./f., nobody.
  • improbus, -a, -um, adj., wicked.
  • jucundus, -a, -um, adj., pleasant.
  • debilis, -e, adj., feeble.
  • semper, adv., always.
  • saepe, adv., often.


    1. Ut and the Subjunctive. Ut always takes the Subjunctive; si and nisi only when uncertainty is meant to be expressed.
    1. Adjective with Infinitive. An Adjective belonging to the Infinitive is always in the Neuter Gender; as, Facile est errare, It is easy to go wrong.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn once more Vocabulary 34. (30.-33.), Syntax Rules 15, 16, and the verb amo.
  2. Write out the 1st and 3nd Person Singular of the Present-Stem Tenses of amo and do.
  3. Do similarly with the Perfect-Stem Tenses.
  4. Write out the forms of the Verb Infinite of orno and do.

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Exercise B

1. Read off the English, naming Mood and Tense, of:

  • celas; celavisti; celem; celate; celandi.
  • celabatis; celaveratis; celaret; celans; celanto.
  • celabimus; celavero; celetis; celatu; celaturus.

2. Give orally the 1st Person Singular of all the Tenses of the Indicative of:

  • aro, canto, spero, do, domo, and sto.

3. Do similarly with all the Tenses of the Conjunctive.

4. Say off the English, and give the corresponding plural, of:

  • amas; amabas; amabit; amans; amavisses.
  • ames; amares; amavit; amaturus; amaverim.
  • amem; amabis; amavero; amato; amavisti.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Agricolae aestate pluviam saepe optant.
  2. Hostes agros nostros vastaverunt et servos liberaverunt.
  3. Tu mihi semper fidelis sis.
  4. Plurimi homines vitam amant et vitant mortem.
  5. Omnes boni cives pugnabant ut civitatem servarent.
  6. Quum (cum) hostes urbem intraverint, servos liberabunt.
  7. Si mores tui meliores essent, homines te amarent
  8. Judices, este justi.
  9. Liberi parentum memores sunto.
  10. Duo leones in silvis se celaverunt.
  11. Difficilius est leonem domare quam elephantum.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. The nightingale was singing ; the peacock was showing off.
  2. A horse carries a heavier load than an ass.
  3. The good shepherd will carry the feeble lambs.
  4. Birds have wings, that they may fly.
  5. The sailors kept watch that they might save the ship.
  6. It is more useful to plough than to sing.
  7. Let all in heaven and earth give glory to God.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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