The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Recapitulatory Exercises for 2nd and 3rd Conjugations.

#art #archeology #metal #bronze #софия #българия #sofia #bulgaria #igcapturesclub #igersitalia #igmania

A post shared by GianPaolo Cicéri (@gpciceri) on


  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

Like it? Share on


Vocabulary 42. Vocabularies (35.-41.).

  • coerceo, -es, -ui, itum, -ēre,, to curb, restrain.
  • debeo, -es, -ui, itum, -ēre,, to owe, ought.
  • exerceo, -es, -ui, itum, -ēre,, to exercise.
  • floreo, -es, -ui, itum, -ēre,, to flourish.
  • habeo, -es, -ui, itum, -ēre,, to have, hold.
  • mereo, -es, -ui, itum, -ēre,, to deserve.
  • moneo, -es, -ui, itum, -ēre,, to warn, advise.
  • praebeo, -es, -ui, itum, -ēre,, to yield, supply.
  • terreo, -es, -ui, itum, -ēre,, to terrify, alarm.
  • timeo, -es, -ui, itum, -ēre,, to fear.
  • impetus, -us, m., an attack.
  • lingua, -ae, f., a tongue.
  • diu, adv., long.
  • quia, conj., because.
  • et... et, both ... and.
  • caveo, -es, cavi, cautum, -ēre,, to take heed.
  • doceo, -es, -cui, -ctum, -ēre,, to teach.
  • jaceo, -es, -cui, jacitum, -ēre,, to lie down.
  • teneo, -es, ui, tentum, -ēre,, to hold.
  • video, -es, vidi, visum, -ēre,, to see.
  • alius, -a, -ud, adj. and pron., another.
  • ibi, adv., there.
  • acriter, adv., sharply, vigorously.
  • lupus, -i, m., a wolf.
  • pastor, -oris, m., a shepherd.
  • noceo, -es, -ui, -tum, -ēre, v.intr. + DAT, to injure.
  • pareo, -es, -ui, -tum, -ēre, v.intr. + DAT, to obey.
  • placeo, -es, -ui, -tum, -ēre, v.intr. + DAT, to please.
  • displiceo, -es, -ui, -tum, -ēre, v.intr. + DAT, to displease.
  • jubeo, -es, jussi, jussum, -ēre,, to order.
  • taceo, -es, -cui, -citum, -ēre, v.intr., to be silent.
  • deleo, -es, -evi, -etum, -ēre,, to destroy.
  • fleo, -es, -evi, -etum, -ēre,, to weep.
  • pecco, -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to sin.
  • sapiens, -entis, adj., wise.
  • stultus, a, um, adj., foolish.
  • statim, adv., immediately.
  • rego, regis, rexi, rectŭm, regĕre,, to rule.
  • tego, -is, -xi, tectŭm, -ĕre,, to cover.
  • cingo, -is, -nxi, cinctum, -ĕre,, to surround, encircle.
  • jungo, -is, -nxi, etum, -ĕre,, to join.
  • dico -is, -xi, etum, -ĕre,, to say, tell.
  • duco, -is, -xi, etum, -ĕre,, to lead.
  • struo, -is, -xi, etum, -ĕre,, to build.
  • instruo, -is, -xi, -ctum, -ĕre,, to arrange, to draw up.
  • defendo, -is, -di, -sum, -ĕre,, to defend.
  • occido, -is, -di, -sum, -ĕre,, to kill.
  • claudo, -is, -si, -sum, -ĕre,, to shut.
  • scribo, -is, -psi, -ptum, -ĕre,, to write.
  • pingo, -is, -nxi, -pictum, -ĕre,, to paint.
  • tabula, -ae, f., a painting.
  • copiae, -arum, f., forces.
  • pallium, -i, n., a cloack.
  • infidelis, -e, adj., unfaithful.
  • mitto, -is, misi, missum, -ĕre,, to send.
  • vinco, -is, vici, victum, -ĕre,, to conquer.
  • lego, -is, legi, lectum, -ĕre,, to read.
  • peto, -is, petivi, petitum, -ĕre,, to seek.
  • posco, -is, poposci, , -ĕre,, to demand.
  • legatus, -i, m., an ambassador.
  • barbarus, -i, m., a barbarian.
  • proelium, -i, n., a battle.
  • dum, conj., while.
  • corrigo, -is, -rexi, -rectum, -ĕre,, to correct.
  • committo, -is, -isi, -issum, -ĕre,, to send together.
  • pono, -is, posui, positum, -ĕre,, to place.
  • impono, -is, -ui, -itum, -ĕre,, to set, put.
  • propono, -is, posui, positum, -ĕre,, to propose.
  • disco, -is, didici, , discĕre,, to learn.
  • edo, -is, edi, esum, edĕre,, to eat.
  • vivo, -is, vixi, victum, vivĕre,, to live.
  • Pyrrhus, -i, m., Pyrrhus.
  • pasco, -is, pavi, pastum, -ĕre,, to feed.
  • vir, viri, m., a man.
  • virtus, -utis, f., manliness, virtue.
  • beatus, -a, -um, adj., blessed.
  • beate, adv., happily.
  • nunquam, conj., never.
  • semper, adv., always.


  1. Infinitive of Purpose. When the Infinitive in English expresses a purpose, it is generally translated by ut with the Subjunctive — never by the Infinitive; examples:
  1. I fight to save my life, or I fight that I may save my life, Pugno ut vitam meam conservem.
  2. I fought to save my life, or I fought that I might save my life, Pugnavi ut vitam meam conservarem.

17b. Not in negative commands. Not in negative commands or entreaties is always ne; as, Ne oves terreamus, Let us not frighten the sheep.

  1. Genitive of duty. A Genitive is sometimes so used that mark, duty, business, or part may be supplied; as, Discipuli est discere, It is (the duty) of a scholar to learn.

Like it? Share on


Exercise A

  1. Learn once more Vocabularies 42. (35.-41.), the Syntax Rules 17-18, and the Verbs moneo and rego.
  2. Write out the 1st and 3nd Person Singular of the Present-Stem Tenses of jubeo and vinco.
  3. Do similarly with the Perfect-Stem Tenses.
  4. Write out the forms of the Verb Infinite of jubeo and vinco.

Like it? Share on

Exercise B

1. Read off the English, naming Mood and Tense, of:

  • pones; ponas; posuisti; docebo; doceremus.
  • ponebatis; poneres; ponuimus; docebas; docuisses.
  • ponebant; pones; doceam; docuit; doceamus.
  • ponemus; poneret; doceres; docetis; docebatis.

2. Give orally the 1st Person Singular of all the Tenses of the Indicative of:

  • teneo, floreo, taceo, pingo, claudo, posco.

3. Do similarly with all the Tenses of the Conjunctive.

4. Say off the Gerund (GEN), Supine, and Future Participle, of:

  • terreo, debeo, video, caveo, tego, claudo, vinco, pasco.

Like it? Share on

Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Finem bello imponamus.
  2. Obsides ab hostibus poscamus.
  3. Difficile est aciem instruere.
  4. Pastores oves pascebant.
  5. Pulchram tabulam pinxisti.
  6. Librum de bello scripsit.
  7. Servi urbis portas clauserant.
  8. Ne multa discamus, sed multum.
  9. Boni est filii virtutem ainare et parere parentibus.
  10. Caesar legatum e castris misit ut pacem hostibus proponeret.
  11. Melius est bonis placere quam improbis.
  12. Edamus ut vivamus — ne vivamus ut edamus.
  13. Melius est hosti placere quam aniico displicere.

Like it? Share on

Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. It is easy to learn.
  2. It is difficult to teach.
  3. Learn that you may teach.
  4. I wrote with my sister's pen.
  5. He fights to conquer.
  6. Let us cover the body.
  7. Let us join hands.
  8. Be silent, children.
  9. Pyrrhus sent an ambassador to demand hostages.
  10. Read many books that you may learn many (things).
  11. It is the duty of a good citizen to fight for his country.
  12. My son, learn to obey.
  13. Children, be obedient to your parents.

Like it? Share on


C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

Like it? Share on


Comments powered by Disqus