The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Third Declension. Substantives of the Masculine Gender.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 9. Third Declension, masculine names.

  • judex, -icis, m., a judge.
  • rex, regis, m., a king.
  • dux, ducis, m., a leader, a general.
  • pater, patris, m., a father.
  • frater, fratris, m., a brother.
  • color, -oris, m., colour.
  • odor, -oris, m., odour.
  • flos, floris, m., a flower.
  • mos, moris, m., a custom.
  • leo, leonis, m., a lion.
  • pavo, -onis, m., a peacock.
  • Juno, -onis, f., Juno.
  • miles, -itis, m., a soldier.
  • comes, -itis, m./f., a companion.
  • varius, -a, -um, adj., various.
  • validus, -a, -um, adj., strong.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabulary 9., the way to decline judex, -icis, and the masculine endings of the Third Declension.
  2. Write out and learn the endings of judex.
  3. Decline rex, regis and mos, moris.
  4. Give two examples of each of the masculine endings (Nominative Singular), 3rd declension.

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Exercise B

1. Give orally the English, with Number and Case, of:

  • regum; coloris; fratrum; militis.
  • rege; colori; milite; militem.
  • fratris; more; moris; comiti.
  • fratri; morum; leonem; fratribus (DAT).
  • patribus (DAT); pavonem; ducum; odorum.
  • odoribus (DAT); pavone; floris; floribus (ABL).

2. Change Number.

  • Say the plural of: leonem, ducis, flore, patri, regi, odore, duci, comitis.
  • Say the singular of: morum, fratribus (DAT), flores (ACC), regum, ducibus (ABL).

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Miles leonem occidit.
  2. Leo militem occidit.
  3. Pavones sunt pulchri.
  4. Leones sunt validi.
  5. Rosae sunt flores pulchri.
  6. Flores varios colores habent.
  7. Milites gladium duci dant.
  8. Dux acutum gladium habet.
  9. Libros fratribus meis dat
  10. Multa dona patri meo dat.
  11. Dux penna aquilae scribit.
  12. Milites ducem amant.
  13. Rex dona militibus dat.
  14. Odores florum sunt varii.
  15. Pavonis alae sunt pulchrae.
  16. Regis corona est splendida.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. The king has many soldiers.
  2. The soldier's spear is sharp and long.
  3. The queen has many beautiful flowers.
  4. Flowers have various odours.
  5. The poet praises my brother.
  6. The colours are beautiful.
  7. The soldiers have a general.
  8. The general's sword is long.
  9. The eagle's wings are long and strong.
  10. Towns have various customs.
  11. The peacock is sacred to Juno.
  12. The girl loves (her) companion.
  13. The soldier kills a lion.


C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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