The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Verb Infinite - Participles.


  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Exercise A

There are three Participles besides Gerundives : —

  1. Present Active, formed by adding — (I.) -ans, (II., III.) -ens, (IV.) -iens, to the root of the Present Indicative.
  2. Future Active, formed by changing the final -m of the Supine into -rus.
  3. Perfect Passive, formed by changing the final -m of the Supine into -s.

Obs. — A Participle, being a kind of Verbal Adjective, must agree with its Substantive in Number, Gender, and Case ; thus, Regem regentem, Rex recturus, Regina rectura.

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Exercise B

1. Decline throughout — puer avians; puer amaturus.

2. Proceed similarly with puella.

3. Say off the three Participles (after naming the principal parts) of:

  • muto; domo; teneo; duco; mitto; punio.
  • do; doceo; deleo; occido; scribo; aperio.

4. Give the three Participles of laudo in agreement with: rex, regibus, reginarum, reginas.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Agricolae arantes.
  2. Agri arati.
  3. Lupus agnum terrens.
  4. Nautae fabulas narrantes.
  5. Discipulus legere discens.
  6. Magistri discipulos docturi.
  7. Servus portas clausurus.
  8. Femina portas clausura.
  9. Urbs expugnata.
  10. Naves fluctibus fractae.
  11. Hostes victi.
  12. Nostri milites victim.
  13. Oppidum moenibus cinctum.
  14. Oppida moenibus cinctura.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. A nest having been built.
  2. A bird about to build.
  3. Pictures well painted.
  4. The general going to send.
  5. The Britons fighting for their country.
  6. Animals about to sleep.
  7. The camp quickly fortified.
  8. Nothing broken.
  9. Slaves set free.
  10. Many slain.
  11. Animals sleeping.
  12. Scholars reading (acc).

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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