The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Anomalous Verbs: Possum, Volo, Nolo.


  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

Like it? Share on


Vocabulary 68. Compounds of sum.

  • cur, cong., why.
  • curro, -is, cucurri, cursum, -ĕre, v.intr., to run.
  • cursus, -us, m., a course.
  • victus, -a, -um, adj., conquered.
  • parco, -is, peperci, parsum, -ĕre,, to spare (with dat).
  • absum, -es, -fui, -esse, v., to be absent.
  • adsum, -es, -fui, -esse, v., to be present, to stand by.
  • desum, -es, -fui, -esse, v., to be wanting.
  • intersum, -es, -fui, -esse, v., to be between.
  • obsum, -es, -fui, -esse, v., to be in the way of, to be hurtful to.
  • praesum, -es, -fui, -esse, v., to be at the head of.
  • prosum, -es, -fui, -esse, v., to be serviceable to.
  • subsum, -es, -fui, -esse, v., to be under, or amongst.
  • supersum, -es, -fui, -esse, v., to remain over, survive.

Syntax Rule 26. Compounds of Sum.

The compounds of sum, except possum, govern the Dative. They are conjugated like sum, but prosum takes d before e.

Like it? Share on


Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabulary 68., and how to conjugate possum, volo, and nolo.
  2. Conjugate prosum in the Present-Stem Tenses.
  3. Parse vultis, velitis, vellemus, nonvis, poterunt, potuerunt.

Like it? Share on

Exercise B

1. Read off the English, naming Mood and Tense, of:

  • potes; possumus; vis; velim; nolunt nolis.
  • potero; poteratis; vultis; vellemus; noles; nolles.
  • potui; potuimus; volam; velimus; nolui; nolitis.

2. Say off the meaning of the Prepositions that are compounded with Sum, namely:

  • ab, ad, de, in, inter, ob, prae, pro, sub, super.

Like it? Share on

Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Galli se defendere contra Romanos non potuerunt.
  2. Potestne Deus omnia facere?
  3. Non dubito quin Deus omnia facere possit.
  4. Naves tenere cursum non possunt.
  5. Clari esse omnes non possumus.
  6. Titus exercitui praefuit.
  7. Canes pastoribus prosunt.
  8. Boni est pastoris oves adesse.
  9. Nemo dubitat quin nobis prodesse volueris.
  10. Nemo dubitabat quin nobis obesse nolles.
  11. Si beati esse vultis, peccare nolite.
  12. Victis parcere Caesar voluit, Nero noluit.
  13. Visne mihi prodesse? Tibi obesse nolo.
  14. Non est dubium quin tibi prodesse possim.

Like it? Share on

Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. I can paint, my brother can write, (and) we can all read.
  2. We are not able to know all (things).
  3. All (persons) wish to see Rome.
  4. Cassivellaunus was-at-the-head of all the forces of the Britons.
  5. Who doubts that we are able to take the city?
  6. Every one wished to-be-of-service to us.
  7. Titus was unwilling to set-out for (ad) the army.
  8. My little brother wishes to walk, but he is not able.
  9. To good men friends will not be wanting.
  10. We do not know why he is unwilling to stand-by his friend.

Like it? Share on


C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

Like it? Share on


Comments powered by Disqus