The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Comparison of Adjectives. Exceptional.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 22. Comparison of Adjective. Exceptional.

  • Britanni, -orum, m., Britons, British.
  • similis, -e, adj., like.
  • disslmilis, -e, adj., unlike.
  • gracilis, -e, adj., slender.
  • umilis, -e, adj., low.
  • celer, -eris, -ere, adj., swift.
  • acer, -cris, -cre, adj., sharp, keen.
  • liber, era, erum, adj., free.
  • nullus, a, um, pron./adj., no, none.
  • ōs, ōris, n., mouth.
  • ŏs, ossis, n., bone.
  • populus, m., a people.

Syntax Rule 12. Superlative for Adjectives in -er.

Adjectives with Nominative in -er form the Superlative by adding -rimus ; as, liber, free ; liberrimus, freest.

Obs. The Superlative may often be translated by very; as, altissimus, highest, or very high.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabularies 21. and 22., and the Numerals 20-100.
  2. Compare (form the Comparative) the Adjectives in Vocabulary 7.
  3. Compare the Adjectives that form Superlative in -limus.
  4. Decline together nigerrimus color; altius flumen; comes miserrimus; iter difficillimum.

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Exercise B

1. Give orally the Comparative and Superlative of —

  • facilis; pulcher; severus; utilis.
  • dulcis; cams; acer; difficilis.
  • gracilis; brevis; celer; similis.
  • tristis; humilis; aeger; gravis.

2. Put the proper form of the Comparative of pulcher before the following Nouns, and say off the English, with the Gender.

  • luce; auri; manibus; templorum.
  • sol; quercui; sorori; pedum.
  • lunam; arboris; imagine; virginibus.
  • noctis; fluctuum; donis; avium.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Aurum est gravius et pulchrius quam ferram.
  2. Nullus populus liberior est quam Britanni.
  3. Reginae filiae math simillimae sunt.
  4. Regis filii patri dissimillimi sunt.
  5. Itinera in Africa sunt difficillima.
  6. Iter pueris est facilius quam puellis.
  7. Labores militum in pacis tempore sunt facillimi.
  8. Equi sunt celeriores quam asini.
  9. Aquilae acriores oculos habent quam columbae.
  10. Aurum et plumbum gravissima metalla sunt.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. The maidens are very miserable; (their) brothers very happy.
  2. No animal is more faithful than the dog.
  3. Gold is the most beautiful of metals.
  4. The dog has sharper eyes than a boy.
  5. The scholar's work is easier than the master's.
  6. In the head of a man are sixty-three bones.
  7. A month has thirty or thirty-one days.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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