The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Comparison of Adjectives. Irregular.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 23. Comparison of Adjective. Irregular.

  • ver, veris, n., spring.
  • aestas, -atis, f., summer.
  • auctumnus, -i, m., autumn.
  • hiems, emis, f., winter.
  • sapientia, ae, f., wisdom.
  • laus, -dis, f., praise.
  • nihil, n., pron./adj. indecl., nothing.
  • aut, conj., or.
  • Romanus, -i, m., a Roman (noun).
  • vetus, -eris, adj., old.
  • dives, -itis, adj., rich.

Syntax Rule 13. Ablative of Time

Nouns are put in the Ablative Case, without a Preposition, to denote the time when something is done; as, nocte, in the night.

Obs. Milia usually governs the Genitive; as, decem milia hominum, ten thousand men.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabularies 21.-23., the Numerals 100-2000, and Irregular Adjectives.
  2. Compare the Latin Adjectives for good, slender, bad, low, great, wretched, old, small, much, little, worthless, rich.
  3. Decline together majus opus; melior cibus; mos pessimus.

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Exercise B

1. Say off the Comparative and Superlative of:

  • parvus; multus; facilis; tener.
  • clarus; longus; tristis; acer.
  • sacer; magnus; malus; velox.
  • aeger; vetus; celer; dives.

2. Put the proper form of the Comparative of magnus before the following Nouns, and say off the English, with the Gender.

  • oris; pernicie; cornuum; capiti.
  • ossibus; planitiem; sonitu; flumen.
  • digitis; res (sing), civitas, classem.
  • praemii; spe; portus (GEN); cladis.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Noctes hieme longiores sunt quam dies.
  2. Omnes cives maximam Fabio laudem dant.
  3. Aestate noctes sunt brevissimae.
  4. Plurimi elephanti ingentia animalia sunt.
  5. Pulcherrimi sunt flores auctumno.
  6. Luna minor est quam sol aut terra.
  7. Vere arbores pulcherrimae sunt.
  8. Nihil est melius quam vera sapientia.
  9. Sol lucem die dat, nocte luna.
  10. Romani duo millia hostium occidunt.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. The master praises (his) best scholars.
  2. Pears are sweetest in autumn.
  3. No city is more famous than Rome.
  4. Very many islands are larger than Cyprus.
  5. In the enemy's army are five thousand men.
  6. A year has three hundred and sixty-five days.
  7. Wisdom is better than gold.
  8. Gold is heavier than silver.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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