The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Comparison of Adjectives. Regular.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 21. Comparison of Adjective. Regular.

  • aqua, -ae, f., water.
  • cibus, -i, m., food.
  • asinus, -i, m., a donkey.
  • digitus, -i, m., a finger.
  • annus, -i, m., a year.
  • mensis, -is, m., a month.
  • simplex, -icis, adj., simple.
  • diligens, -entis, adj., diligent.
  • quam, conj., than.

Syntax Rule 11. Regular forms of comparative and superlative.

Take the Positive, and change its Genitive ending into -ior for the Comparative, and into -issimus for the Superlative.

Obs. Comparatives are declined like melior (2nd Class), and Superlatives like bonus (1st Class).

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabulary 21. and the Numerals 1-20.
  2. Compare (form che Comparative) the Adjectives in Vocabulary 19.
  3. Decline the Comparative and Superlative of clarus and utilis.
  4. Decline together dulce pirum; gravius vulnus; dux prudentior.

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Exercise B

1. Give orally the Comparative and Superlative of:

  • altus; prudens; tristis; albus.
  • brevis; acutus; severus; dulcis.
  • carus; noxius; audax; velox.
  • utilis; fortis; potens; sapiens.

2. Put the proper form of the Comparative of longus before the following Nouns, and say off the English, with the Gender.

  • spinae (GEN), scutum; alis; navium.
  • pennas; hastarum; pedum; vestis (GEN).
  • nasorum; cultros; lapide; flumen.
  • vitam; epistolae (NOM); leges; itinera.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Sol est splendidior quam luna.
  2. Lux est clarior quam aqua.
  3. Ferrum est metallorum utilissimum.
  4. Argentum levius est quam aurum.
  5. Plumbum gravius est quam ferrum.
  6. Equi potentiores sunt quam asini.
  7. Elephantus omnium animalium est potentissimus.
  8. Simplex cibus pueris utilissimus.
  9. Dux praemia fortissimis militibus dat.
  10. Magistri diligentissimos discipulos laudant.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. A year has twelve months.
  2. The hand has five fingers.
  3. The boy has fifteen pears and seventeen plums.
  4. Lions are fiercer than elephants.
  5. Sheep are more-timid than dogs.
  6. Light is swifter than sound.
  7. Dogs are most-faithful animals.
  8. The lion is the boldest of animals.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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