The Beginner's Latin Exercises. First Conjugation - Active Voice. Conjunctive (Subjunctive) Mood.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 32. First Conjugation.

  • ambulo, -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to walk.
  • do, das, dedi, datum, dare, v., to give.
  • sto, stas, steti, statum, statum, v., to stand.
  • domo, domas, domui, domitum, domare, v., to tame.
  • laboro, -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to work.
  • oro, -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to entreat, pray.
  • servo (conservo), -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to keep, preserve.
  • vigilo, -as, -avi, -atum, -are, v., to keep watch.
  • arma, -orum,, arms.
  • castra, -orum,, a camp.
  • consul, -ulis, m., a consul.
  • ut, conj., that.
  • si, conj., if.
  • nisi, conj., unless.
  • mi, adj., vocative of meus.

Syntax Rules 15. Ut and the Subjunctive.

Ut always takes the Subjunctive; si and nisi only when uncertainty is meant to be expressed.

Obs. — The Conjunctive is commonly called the Subjunctive when it occurs, as it usually does, in a subordinate sentence. The Subjunctive Mood never makes a positive statement like the Indicative, and is usually preceded by some Conjunction; as, si, if; nisi, unless; ut, that, in order that.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabularies 30.-32., the Syntax Rule 15., and the Conjunctive of amo.
  2. Write out and learn the endings of amo in the Conjunctive.
  3. Conjugate paro and pugno in the Conjunctive.
  4. Write out the 1st Person Singular of all the Present-Stem Tenses of oro and do.

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Exercise B

1. Read off the English, naming Mood and Tense, supply Pronouns of:

  • ames; amemus; amares; amaverim; amatis.
  • amaret; amaveris; amaretis; amaviases; amabas.
  • ametis; amavissem; amem; amaveritis; amabitis.

2. Change Number.

  • Say the plural of: ames, amarem, amaveris, amavisses, amaret, amares.
  • Say off the singular of: amavissetis, amaveritis, amaremus, ametis, amaretis.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Miles taurum occidit ut vitam suam conserved.
  2. Consul agros vastavit ut hostes pacem orarent.
  3. Cives arma paraverant ut urbem servarent.
  4. Dux militibus praemia non dabit, nisi fortiter pugnaverint.
  5. Si Caesar dux fuisset, nostri milites hostes fugavissent.
  6. Nautae die et nocte vigilabant ut navem servarent.
  7. Agricola viam duci hostium monstravit ut oves suas servaret.
  8. Si diligentior fuisses, magister te laudavisset.
  9. Diligentior es, mi fili.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. Men have hands that they may work.
  2. Animals have feet that they may walk.
  3. Men tame elephants that they may be useful animals.
  4. The soldier killed his enemy, that he might save himself.
  5. He would have praised us, if we had been diligent.
  6. I should have loved you, if you had loved me.
  7. He praises the diligent, that they may be more diligent.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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