The Beginner's Latin Exercises. First Conjugation - Passive Voice. Indicative Mood.


  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 52. First Conjugation, Passive.

  • appello, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to call.
  • concilio, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to conciliate.
  • creo, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to create.
  • oppugno, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to storm, attack.
  • expugno, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to take by storm.
  • narro, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to relate.
  • vulnero, -as, -avi, -atum, -are,, to wound.
  • sagitta, -ae, f., an arrow.
  • victima, -ae, f., a victim.
  • classis, -is, f., a fleet.
  • Alexander, -dri, m., Alexander.

Syntax Rule 20. Ablative of (living) Agent, Ablative of Instrument.

The Ablative of the living agent is governed by a or ab ; but the Ablative of instrument is used without a Preposition; as, Miles a Tito vulneratus est, The soldier was wounded by Titus; Miles sagitta vulneratus est, The soldier was wounded by an arrow.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabulary 52., the Syntax Rule 20., and revise Vocabularies 30.-32. and the Indicative of amor.
  2. Conjugate laudo in the Indicative Passive.
  3. Write out the 3rd Person, Singular and Plural, of all the Tenses of the Indicative Passive of orno, do, porto, and domo.

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Exercise B

1. Read off the English, naming Mood and Tense, of:

  • amaris; amatus es; amamur; amati estis.
  • amabatur; amati eramus; amabamini; amatus eras.
  • amabimur; amati eritis; amabimini; amati sumus.

2. Turn these Verbs into the Active form, giving the meaning in English.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Victimae floribus ornatae sunt.
  2. Hostes a nostris mox fugabuntur.
  3. Nihil mihi datum est.
  4. Agri ab agricolis arantur.
  5. A regina laudatus es.
  6. A rege laudati estis.
  7. Onera a servis portabantur.
  8. Via nobis monstrata erit.
  9. Via a nobis monstrabitur.
  10. Oppida nostra ab hostium copiis oppugnabuntur.
  11. Cibus militibus paratus erat.
  12. Cibus a militibus parabitur.
  13. Servi a dominis suis liberabuntur.
  14. Equus splendidus ab Alexandro domitus est.
  15. Is equus Bucephalus appellatus est.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. Two consuls were created.
  2. Many will be wounded.
  3. Two great towns were stormed by Titus.
  4. Troy was-taken-by-storm.
  5. The consul was wounded with a sword by an enemy.
  6. A fleet will be immediately prepared.
  7. Many are wounded in the battle.
  8. Many temples had been built by Numa.
  9. A fable was related by Menenius, and the people conciliated.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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