The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Fourth Conjugation - Passive Voice. Indicative Mood.


  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 58. Fourth Conjugation, Passive.

  • nutrio, -is, -ivi, -itum, -ire,, to nourish.
  • vestio, -is, -ivi, -itum, -ire,, to clothe.
  • vestis, -is, f. a garment.
  • pellis, -is, f. skin.
  • sacerdos, -otis, -is, m./f. priest, priestess.
  • litus, -oris, n., a shore.
  • onus, -eris, n., a weight, a load.
  • moenia, -ium,, walls.
  • arma, -orum,, arms.
  • ignavus, -a, -um, adj., inactive, cowardly.
  • occisus, -a, -um, adj., slain.
  • ubi, prep., where.
  • antequam, priusquam, prep., before that.

Obs. — In antequam and priusquam, before that, quam is often separated from the rest of the word.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabulary 58., and revise Vocabularies 43. and 44. and the Indicative of audior.
  2. Conjugate punio in the Indicative Passive.
  3. Write out the 3rd Person, Singular and Plural, of all the tenses of the Indicative Passive of: munio, aperio, punio, and vincio.
  4. Parse sepelieris, sepeliebamur, sepulti sumus, sepeliemini.

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Exercise B

1. Read off the English, naming Mood and Tense, of:

  • audimur; auditus es; audiebamini; audiemur.
  • audiebatur; auditi erunt; auditi eratis; audiebaris.
  • audieris; audimini; auditi erimus; audientur.

2. Turn the following Verbs into the Passive form:

  • audimus; audies; audivi; auditis; audiebatis.
  • audiebas; audient; audiveris; audiunt; audiemus.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Ignavi milites a duce eras punientur.
  2. Corpora occisorum heri sepulta sunt.
  3. Portae urbis hodie aperientur.
  4. Punieris, mi fili, nisi taceas.
  5. Man us servi vinciebantur.
  6. Moenia oppidi a militibus custodiuntur.
  7. Litora insulae navibus custodiebantur.
  8. Castra nostra non prius munita erant quam barbari venerunt.
  9. Romani gravi armorum onere impediebantur.
  10. Bellum cum Britannis mox finietur.
  11. Ovesne a pastoribus custodiuntur?
  12. Roma moenibus munita est.
  13. Nonne vox ducis in proelio saepe audita est ?

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. Will the gates be opened to-day?
  2. Were not the hands of the captives bound?
  3. You will be punished, boys, tomorrow.
  4. The priest is clothed in (with) a white robe.
  5. All animals are nourished by God.
  6. The Britons used-to-be-clothed (impf.) with the skins of animals.
  7. The gates of the city were shut before (that) the enemy came.
  8. Where will the body be buried?

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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