The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Possessive Pronouns, Verb To Be.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 26. Possessive Pronouns. Verb To Be.

  • parens, -tis, adj., a parent.
  • patria, -ae, f., {one 's) fatherland.
  • justus, -a, -um, adj., just.
  • aeternus, -a, -um, adj., eternal.
  • attentus, -a, -um, adj., attentive.
  • fortiter, adv., bravely.
  • maxime, adv., very much, very highly.
  • castra, -orum,, a camp.

Rule of Syntax 14. Conjunctive Exhortative.

The Present Conjunctive in a principal sentence expresses a wish or a command; thus, Sis felix!, May you be fortunate!; Sis fortis, Be brave.

Obs. — Possessive Pronouns are used like Adjectives, only they follow their Substantives.

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Exercise A: things to learn before attempting the following exercises:

  1. Vocabularies 24.-26;
  2. Imperative and Conjunctive Moods of the Verb Sum;
  3. Possessive Pronouns;
  4. Ordinal Numbers as far as centesimus.

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Exercise B

1. Give orally the English, naming Tense, Person and Number

  • simus; esto; este; estate.
  • essetis; sunto; fuissetis; fuisses.
  • sint; fuerim; sitis; essem.
  • esses; fuisses; essemus; fuissem.

2. Turn into Latin, saving the Pronoun as well as the Verb

  • you (sing.) must be; be (sing.); you (sing.) must be.
  • you (plur.) must be; be (plur.); I may have been.
  • you may be; we may be; you must be.
  • you might be; we might be; I might have been.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Fidelis amicus sis.
  2. Fili, mem or parentum es.
  3. Discipuli tui diligentiores sunto.
  4. Pastores, oviuni memores este.
  5. Amici nostri sint fideles!
  6. Milites vestri fortes sint.
  7. Vinum vetus esto.
  8. Judices justi sunto.
  9. Milites! semper fortes estote.
  10. Reges! semper justi et fortes estote.
  11. Flores horti vestri pulcherrimi sunt.
  12. Dux militum nostroruui prudens sit!
  13. Cibus filiorum tuorum sit simplex.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. soldier! be brave.
  2. boys! be very diligent.
  3. A king must be bold.
  4. O men! be kind.
  5. Boys, be attentive.
  6. A judge must be just.
  7. sons, be mindful of your parents.
  8. Let our country be dear to us.
  9. Let your parents be dear to you.
  10. May our general be more prudent!

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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