The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Recapitulatory Exercises for 3rd Declension.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 14. Vocabularies (9.-13.).

  • judex, -icis, m., a judge.
  • rex, regis, m., a king.
  • dux, ducis, m., a leader, a general.
  • pater, patris, m., a father.
  • frater, fratris, m., a brother.
  • color, -oris, m., colour.
  • odor, -oris, m., odour.
  • flos, floris, m., a flower.
  • mos, moris, m., a custom.
  • leo, leonis, m., a lion.
  • pavo, -onis, m., a peacock.
  • Juno, -onis, f., Juno.
  • miles, -itis, m., a soldier.
  • comes, -itis, m./f., a companion.
  • varius, -a, -um, adj., various.
  • validus, -a, -um, adj., strong.
  • pes, pedis, m., a foot.
  • obses, -idis, m./f., a hostage.
  • Caesar, -aris, m., Caesar.
  • anser, -eris, m./f., a gander, a goose.
  • homo, -inis, m./f., a human being, man.
  • juvenis, -is, m./f., a youth.
  • ignis, -is, m, fire.
  • lapis, -idis, m., a stone.
  • canis, -is, m./f., a dog.
  • sanguis, -inis, m., blood.
  • finis, -is, m., end.
  • rabidus, -a, -um, adj., mad.
  • benignus, -a, -um, adj., kind.
  • gratus, -a, -um, adj., pleasing, agreeable.
  • non, conj., not.
  • multitudo, -inis, f., a multitude.
  • virgo, -inis, f., a maiden.
  • mater, matris, f., a mother.
  • avis, -is, f., a bird.
  • apis, -is, f., a bee.
  • ovis, -is, f., a sheep.
  • vulpes, is, f., a fox.
  • clades, is, f., loss, slaughter.
  • mors, mortis, f., death.
  • nix, nivis, f., snow.
  • lux, lucis, f., light.
  • turris, -is, f., a tower.
  • urbs, urbis, f., a city.
  • civis, -is, m./f., a citizen.
  • hostis, -is, m./f., an enemy.
  • timidus, -a, -um, adj., timid.
  • legio, -onis, f., a legion.
  • lex, legis, f., law.
  • pax, pacis, f., peace.
  • navis, -is, f., a ship.
  • classis, -is, f., a fleet.
  • vestis, -is, f., a garment.
  • laus, laudis, f., praise.
  • imago, -inis, f., an image.
  • soror, -oris, f., a sister.
  • pastor, -oris, m., a shepherd.
  • civitas, -atis, f., a state.
  • tempestas, -atis, f., a storm.
  • nauta, -ae, m., a sailor.
  • somnus, -i, m., sleep.
  • clarus, -a, -um, adj., clear, famous, renowned.
  • justus, -a, -um, adj., just.
  • mel, mellis, n., honey.
  • animal, -alis, n., an animal.
  • flumen, -inis, n., a stream, river.
  • nomen, -inis, n., a name.
  • caput, -itis, n., a head.
  • mare, maris, n., the sea.
  • iter, itineris, n., a journey, march.
  • opus, -eris, n., work.
  • vulnus, -eris, n., a wound.
  • corpus, -oris, n., the body.
  • tempus, -oris, n., time.
  • mirus, -a, -um, adj., wonderful.
  • molestus, -a, -um, adj., troublesome.
  • certus, -a, -um, adj., certain.
  • incertus, -a, -um, adj., uncertain.


  1. Genitive Plural in Parisyllabic Names. Nouns not increasing their number of syllabes (i.e. parisyllabic names) between Nominative and Genitive Singular make the Genitive Plural in -ium; thus ovis, nubis make ovium, nubium.
  2. Neuters in -al, -ar, -e. Neuters nouns of the 3rd declension ending (Nominative Singular) in -al, -ar, -e have Ablative singular in -i, Nominative Plural in -ia, and Genitive Plural in -ium; e.g., animal, calcar, (a spur), mare.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn once more Vocabulary 14. (9.-13.), Syntax Rules 7, 8, Declension 3rd.
  2. Draw up a table of endings of the Third Declension according to Gender, and learn the same perfectly.
  3. From Vocabularies 9-13 select a specimen of each of these endings, and arrange the specimens according to Gender.

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Exercise B

1. Put the proper form of magnus before the following nouns, and read thus: magni pedis, of a large food (genitive singular):

  • pedis; vulpem; apem; animalibus (DAT).
  • pedum; multitudinis; avium; lapide.
  • urbium; vulnus; pavonis; anseris.
  • naves (NOM); capita (NOM); corpora; multitudinem.

2. Read off the Latin for:

  • a small foot; for a long journey; blood is red.
  • a white dog (ACC); of yellow honey; work is troublesome.
  • of a beautiful image; for a dear sister; peace is pleasing.
  • works of bees; famous names; sheep are timid.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Homines justas leges defendant.
  2. Lux corporis est oculus.
  3. Mater flores virginibus dat
  4. Aves et apes alas habeht.
  5. Alae avium pulchrae sunt.
  6. Pax civibus grata est.
  7. Vestis sororis meae est longa.
  8. Ducis corpus vulhera habet.
  9. Mors vitae finis est.
  10. Juvenes canes lapidibus occidunt.
  11. Deus dona hominibus dat.
  12. Homines laudem Deo dant.
  13. Vulpes anserem occidit.
  14. Miles caput scuto defendit.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. Death is the certain end of life.
  2. The name of Rome is renowned.
  3. Birds and animals are afraid of fire.
  4. The towers of many cities are high.
  5. Peacocks are beautiful birds.
  6. Many animals have small feet.
  7. A large state has many famous cities.
  8. The colours of flowers are pleasing.
  9. The kind shepherd defends the timid sheep.
  10. The works of bees are wonderful.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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