The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Reflexive Pronouns, Verb To Be.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 25. Reflexive Pronouns. Verb To Be.

  • semper, adv., always.
  • olim, adv., formerly, at one time.
  • diu, adv., long.
  • improbus, -a, -um, adj., wicked.
  • pictor, oris, m., a painter.
  • onus, -ris, n., a weight, a burden.
  • memor, -oris, adj., mindful.

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Exercise A: things to learn before attempting the following exercises:

  1. Vocabularies 24 and 25;
  2. Perfect-Stem Tenses of the Indicative of the Verb Sum;
  3. Reflexive Pronouns;
  4. Ordinal Numbers as far as quinquagesimus.

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Exercise B

1. Give orally the English, naming Tense, Person and Number

  • fuisti; fait; fuimus; fuistis.
  • fuerat; fueramus; fuerint; fuerant.
  • fuerimus; fueritis; eramus; eratis.
  • erit; erimus; fueratis; fuerunt.

2. Turn into Latin, saving the Pronoun as well as the Verb

  • you (sing;) have been; we had been; we shall be.
  • I had been; I shall have been; you are.
  • you will have been; we have been; you have been.
  • I have been; thou hadst been; you will be.

3. Give the Latin Ordinals for 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Caesaris fortuna maxima fuit.
  2. Regina olim pulchra fuerat.
  3. Dies hieme breves erunt.
  4. Roma diu clara fuerat.
  5. Servus se defendit.
  6. Multi sibi laudem dant.
  7. Sibi laudem dat.
  8. Sui memores sunt.
  9. Bella semper fuerunt et semper erunt.
  10. Nomen Romae clarum semper erit.
  11. Servi non semper fideles fuerunt.
  12. Semper pauperes et miseri fueramus.
  13. Improbi non semper erunt felices.
  14. Zeuxis pictor clarissimus fuit.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. The work had been great.
  2. The burden was heavy.
  3. The flowers were beautiful.
  4. The king will be wise.
  5. We had been fortunate.
  6. Thou wast always brave.
  7. Yesterday we were poor, today we are rich.
  8. You have been faithful to us.
  9. I shall have been lone ill.
  10. The queen loves herself.
  11. The girl gives praise to herself.
  12. Most (men) are mindful of themselves.
  13. Formerly journeys were very difficult.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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