The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Second Declension, -us names.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 2, Second Declension, -us names.

  • amicus, -i, m., a friend.
  • fllius, -i, m., a son.
  • servus, -i, m., a slave.
  • equus, -i, m., a horse.
  • oculus, -i, m., an eye.
  • nasus, -i, m., a nose.
  • hortus, -i, m., a garden.
  • murus, -i, m., a wall.
  • et, cong. and.

Verbal forms:

  • habet, has; laudat, praises; amat, loves.
  • habent, have; laudant, praise; amant, love.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabulary 1 and 2, the verbal forms, how to decline dominus, -i.
  2. Write out and learn the endings of dominus.
  3. Decline murus and hortus.
  4. Give the different meanings of amici, hortis, oculo, and equi.

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Exercise B

1. Give orally the English, with the Case and Number, of:

  • domini (GEN); dominos; muri (GEN),
  • domine; domino (DAT); murum.
  • dominorum; muros; muro (ABL).
  • dominis (DAT); murorum; muris (DAT).

2. Read off the English in the same way of:

  • hortos; oculum; serve.
  • hortorum; oculis (ABL); servos.
  • nasum; equorum; filii (NOM).
  • nasi (GEN); equo (DAT); filios.

3. Change Number

  • Say the plural of: hortum, horti, horto, hortus, amice, amici.
  • Say the singular of: servorum, servos, servis, servi (VOC), amicorum.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Hortus muros habet.
  2. Dominus servum laudat.
  3. Regina amicos habet.
  4. Equus nasum et oculos habet.
  5. Feminae amicos amant.
  6. Dominus servos habet.
  7. Aquilae oculos habent.
  8. Horti muros et portas habent.
  9. Servi et equi dominos habent.
  10. Regina filios et filias amat.
  11. Domini servos laudant.
  12. Poeta amicum amat.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. A lord has slaves and horses.
  2. Horses have eyes and a nose.
  3. Women love (their) friends.
  4. The queen loves (her) sons.
  5. The woman praises (her) son.
  6. The lord praises (his) horses.
  7. Rome has gates and walls.
  8. The poet has friends.
  9. Women love (their) sons.
  10. Girls love (their) friends.
  11. Eagles and horses have eyes.
  12. Queens praise (their) sons.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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