The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Third Conjugation - Active Voice. Indicative Mood, Prepositions.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 39. Third Conjugation.

  • mitto, -is, misi, missum, -ĕre,, to send.
  • vinco, -is, vici, victum, -ĕre,, to conquer.
  • lego, -is, legi, lectum, -ĕre,, to read.
  • peto, -is, petivi, petitum, -ĕre,, to seek.
  • posco, -is, poposci, , -ĕre,, to demand.
  • legatus, -i, m., an ambassador.
  • barbarus, -i, m., a barbarian.
  • proelium, -i, n., a battle.
  • dum, conj., while.

Note. — The following Prepositions govern the Ablative:

  • pro, for, on behalf of.
  • cum, with, in company with.
  • sine, without.
  • a, ab, by, from.
  • de, down from, concerning.
  • e, ex, out of from.


  • For when it means on behalf of is translated pro.
  • With when it means in company with is translated cum.
  • Cum is affixed to Personal Pronouns, as mecum, with me.
  • Ab is used instead of a, before h or a vowel.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabularies 38. and 39., and the Prepositions given above.
  2. Translate Tabulam regi misi; Pro rege pugnavi; Cum rege pugnavi; Hasta pugnavi.
  3. Translate He sent a book for me; He fought for me; He fought with me; He fought with a sword.

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Exercise B

1. Read off the English, naming Mood and Tense, supply Pronouns of:

  • scribam; pinxisti; ducemus; claudemus; defenditis.
  • scribet; pinxero; ducebatis; claudebatis; defenderant.
  • scripsi; pinges; duximus; clauseritis; defendistis.

2. Translate.

  • with, without, concerning, for, by out of.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Legatum de pace miserunt.
  2. Legati pacem a Caesare petent.
  3. Obsides ab hostibus poscemus.
  4. Ego cum fratre legebam.
  5. Frater tuus mecum pingebat.
  6. Nemo sine spe vincet.
  7. Barbari copias suas instruxerant.
  8. Hannibal magnum exercitum ex Hispania duxit.
  9. Hannibal Romanos in multis proeliis vicit.
  10. Pro patria pugnavimus et multos ex hostibus occidimus.
  11. Consul exercitum ex urbe duxerat.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. We write while you are reading.
  2. He demanded hostages from us.
  3. We will read the letter.
  4. They sent us three slaves.
  5. You had shut the gates.
  6. I shall paint a picture.
  7. Soldiers, you have conquered.
  8. We wrote concerning peace.
  9. Caesar led his forces out of Italy and conquered the barbarians.

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C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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