The Beginner's Latin Exercises. Third Declension. Substantives of the Neuter Gender.

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  • Exercise A shows what has to be learnt and written in preparation for the next exercises (and future lessons).
  • Exercise B contains viva voce Exercises.
  • Exercise C (from Latin) and Exercise D (from English) contain the sentences to be translated, either orally or in writing.

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Vocabulary 13. Third Declension, neuter names.

  • mel, mellis, n., honey.
  • animal, -alis, n., an animal.
  • flumen, -inis, n., a stream, river.
  • nomen, -inis, n., a name.
  • caput, -itis, n., a head.
  • mare, maris, n., the sea.
  • iter, itineris, n., a journey, march.
  • opus, -eris, n., work.
  • vulnus, -eris, n., a wound.
  • corpus, -oris, n., the body.
  • tempus, -oris, n., time.
  • mirus, -a, -um, adj., wonderful.
  • molestus, -a, -um, adj., troublesome.
  • certus, -a, -um, adj., certain.
  • incertus, -a, -um, adj., uncertain.

Syntax Rule 8. Neuters in -al, -ar, -e.

Neuters nouns of the 3rd declension ending (Nominative Singular) in -al, -ar, -e have Ablative singular in -i, Nominative Plural in -ia, and Genitive Plural in -ium; e.g., animal, calcar, (a spur), mare.

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Exercise A

  1. Learn Vocabulary 11.-13., the Syntax Rule 8., the way to decline nomen, -inis, and the neuter endings of the Third Declension.
  2. Decline flumen, iter and animal, calcar, mare.
  3. Decline together magnus lapis; alba nix; longum tempus.
  4. Parse operibus, vulneris, capite, itinera, marium, ducum.

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Exercise B

1. Give orally the English, with Number and Case, of:

  • flumina; vulneribus; marium; mel.
  • temporibus; animali; mari; capiti.
  • nomine; itinera; operi; corpora,
  • nominum; melle; operibus; corpore.

2. Say off the meaning, the Gender and the Accusative Singular of:

  • pes; anser; pavo; caput.
  • flos; imago; sanguis; lux.
  • nix; vulnus; navis; tempus.
  • corpus; flumen; finis; ignis.

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Exercise C: read and translate from Latin.

  1. Flumen est latum.
  2. Maria sunt alta.
  3. Opera apum mira sunt.
  4. Nomen Caesaris clarum est.
  5. Leones magna capita habent.
  6. Mors corporis est certa.
  7. Tempus mortis est incertum.
  8. Militis corpus multa vulnera habet.
  9. Mel apibus gratum est.
  10. Milites hostibus vulnera dant.
  11. Flumina hominibus et animalibus grata sunt.
  12. Iter virginibus moles turn est.
  13. Opera avium sunt mira.

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Exercise D: read and translate from English.

  1. The work of bees is wonderful.
  2. Many rivers are wide and deep.
  3. The general has many wounds.
  4. Long journeys are troublesome to soldiers.
  5. There is a sacred bird, phoenix by name.
  6. The colour of (its) body is red.
  7. The body of Caesar has many wounds.
  8. The soldiers defend (their) bodies with shields.
  9. Many animals have small heads and large bodies.


C.Sherwill Dawe, The Beginner's Latin Exercises Book, 1880, Rivington, Waterloo Place, London; read the book on

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